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Environmental

5 minute read
Biodiversity

Within the scope of the Strategic Plan 2022-2026 (PE 2022-26), considering the importance of the biodiversity theme for our internal management and for our stakeholders, among the 10 sustainability commitments we have assumed, we highlight that of having “100% of the Petrobras facilities with a Biodiversity Action Plan (PAB) until 2025.” PABs have already been developed for 18 units and facilities (30% of the total)  located in terrestrial and coastal environments. For 2022, our goal is to prepare or review 24 PABs, when we will reach more than 80% of the commitment to sustainability in biodiversity.

We invested approximately BRL64 million in research projects and the development of technological solutions and methodologies aimed at improving the management of biodiversity associated with our operations. The ongoing projects include environmental characterizations, mitigations, or the reduction of effects on biodiversity, as well as the recovery of degraded environments through reforestation projects, restoration of native species, and other measures.

Protected areas

The spatial distribution and the variety of our operations make the interface with protected and sensitive areas frequent.

 

Location of facilities intersecting with protected areas


 

We act strongly in the prevention and mitigation of operational risks in areas of high biodiversity value. We have environmental and emergency response programs, and we strictly comply with the legislation and all the requirements of the environmental agencies for the licensing process, such as those underway in the Equatorial Margin and in stage 4 of the Pre-Salt Complex in the Santos Basin.

Impacts to Biodiversity

Despite all our efforts, in 2021 we recorded 10 events involving spills of oil and oil products with a volume greater than one barrel (which is equivalent to 159 liters). None of the spills reached sensitive areas from a biodiversity point of view.

We carry out a number of important regional projects to expand knowledge and conservation of endangered marine species and biodiversity in their areas of operation, assumed as a commitment to federal environmental licensing for offshore exploration and production activities with the Brazilian Institute of the Environment and of Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA).

Main investments and socio-environmental results

The voluntary environmental initiatives supported through the Petrobras Socio-environmental Program in 2021 covered 74 terrestrial and marine conservation units (UCs), 34 of which are federal, including categories such as National Parks, Sustainable Development Reserves, Extractive Reserves, Ecological Stations, Environmental Protection Areas, among others, in addition to 15 Indigenous Lands (TIs) and three Quilombola Territories (TQs).

 

Map of protected áreas covered by socio-environmental projects


Map illustrating the number of protected areas covered by our socio-environmental investment in effect in 2021. It is noteworthy that the same project can cover several protected areas, just as the same protected area can cover more than one state of the Federation.

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