Sustainability Report
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The material topic consists of managing biodiversity risks and impacts, seeking to avoid and minimize impacts, such as changes in air of ecosystems quality and loss of fauna and flora, and when this is not possible, recover and/or compensate for residual impacts in line with the mitigation hierarchy, throughout the life cycle of the projects. It includes programs and projects for environmental protection and restoration, contributing to the conservation and improvement of biodiversity and ecosystem services, especially in areas of high biodiversity value in terrestrial and especially marine environments, due to the greater activity in this biome. 


In line with the growing external demands of stakeholders, we reaffirm, within the scope of our Strategic Plan 2023-2027 (SP 2023-27), our Environmental, Social and Governance Commitment (ESG) to biodiversity, of having 100% of our facilities with Biodiversity Action Plans by 2025, detailing their scope to include pressing demands on the topic. Complementarily, we reported our social commitment to develop impact initiatives that contribute to the solution of environmental problems. 


Thus, as illustrated in the figure below, we highlighted the search for biodiversity improvement in our areas of operation, contributing to the increase in the quantity and variety of fauna and flora, providing more ecosystem services, including the mitigation of climate change and provision of water, with the consequent reduction of risks to the business, whether regulatory, economic, or reputational. This component of the commitment, related to the prevention of deforestation and recovery of vegetated areas, is in line with the Decade of Ecosystem Restoration, decreed by the United Nations (UN), in addition to the search for a positive balance of nature, advocated by the new Global Biodiversity Framework. 



We invested approximately BRL 70.9 million in research projects ad the development of technological solutions and methodologies aimed at improving the management of biodiversity associated with our operations. The ongoing projects include environmental characterizations, mitigations, or the reduction of effects on biodiversity, as well as the recovery of degraded environments through reforestation projects, restoration of native species, and other measures.

Protected areas

The spatial distribution and the variety of our operations make the interface with protected and sensitive areas frequent, especially considering that we operate mainly in Brazil, a mega-diverse country with many protected areas. 


Location of Facilities Intersecting with Protected Areas [1] (consolidated)

[1] Consolidated data from Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. and units operated by Transpetro

Impacts to biodiversity

Despite all our efforts, in 2022 we recorded nine events involving spills of oil and oil products with a volume greater than one barrel (which is equivalent to 159 liters). Of these leaks, six occurred in an offshore environment, and three occurred in onshore environments.


For all events, immediate contingency measures were taken after the Emergency Response Plan was activated, and an assessment was done to analyze the overarching causes to prevent further occurrences.Events were communicated to public bodies in accordance with applicable legislation.

Main investments and socio-environmental results

Within the scope of voluntary socio-environmental investments, we support projects carried out by civil society organizations, with the aim of boosting the production of relevant knowledge for the business and promoting positive social and environmental transformations in society.


These initiatives covered 106 terrestrial and marine conservation units (UCs), including categories such as National Parks, Sustainable Development Reserves, Extractive Reserves, Ecological Stations, Environmental Protection Areas, among others, in addition to 20 Indigenous Lands (TIs) and Quilombola Territories (TQs).


Map of protected areas covered by Socio-Environmental Projects



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